Review Article Involvement of oxidatively damaged DNA and repair in cancer development and aging
Barbara Tudek, Alicja Winczura, Justyna Janik, Agnieszka Siomek, Marek Foksinski, Ryszard Oliński
Institute of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Institute of Genetics and Biotechnology, Warsaw University, Poland, Postgraduate School of Molecular Medicine, Warsaw, Poland Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Collegium Medicum, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Bydgoszcz, Poland
Received April 1, 2010, accepted May 6, 2010, available online May 15, 2010
Abstract: DNA damage and DNA repair may mediate several cellular processes, like replication and transcription, mutagenesis and apoptosis and thus may be important factors for the organism development and pathology, including cancer. DNA is constantly damaged by reactive oxygen species (ROS) and reactive nitrogen species (RNS) directly and also by products of lipid peroxidation (LPO), which form exocyclic adducts to DNA bases. A wide variety of oxidatively-generated DNA lesions are present in living cells. 8-oxoguanine (8-oxoGua) is one of the best known DNA damage due to its mutagenic properties. Among LPO-derived DNA base modifications the most intensively studied are ethenoadenine and ethenocytosine, highly miscoding DNA lesions considered as markers of oxidative stress and promutagenic DNA damage. Although at present it is impossible to answer directly the question concerning involvement of oxidatively damaged DNA in cancer etiology, it is likely that oxidatively modified DNA bases may serve as a source of mutations that initiate carcinogenesis and are involved in aging (i.e. they may be causal factors responsible for the processes). To counteract the deleterious effect of oxidatively damaged DNA, all organisms developed several DNA repair mechanisms. It was observed that the repair efficiency of oxidatively damaged DNA is frequently decreased in cancer patients. The present work reviews the basis for the biological significance of DNA damage, particularly effects of 8-oxoGua and ethenoadducts occurrence in DNA in aspect of cancer development, drawing attention to the multiplicity of proteins with repair activities. (AJTR1004001).
Key words: 8-oxoguanine, 1,N6-ethenoadenine, 3,N4-ethenocytosine, DNA repair, polymorphism, carcinogenesis
Address all correspondence to: Ryszard Olinski, MD Department of Clinical Biochemistry Collegium Medicum Nicolaus Copernicus University ul. Karlowicza 24, PO-85-092 Bydgoszcz, Poland Tel +48 52 585 37 70 and +48 52 585 37 44 Fax +48 52 585 37 71 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org